Knee Conditions

Knee Conditions

Knee is considered as one of the most weight bearing parts of the human body. Knee pain is one of the most common complaints among many people. Knee pain in different people may be caused due to different causes. It can be simple or complex issue that needs immediate attention. So, it is vital to diagnose the cause for symptoms like knee pain and other discomforts. The knee is a complex formation composed of bones, ligaments, and fluid. An individual make knee movements with the help of tendons and muscles. Any injury of disease that affect any of these structures can cause knee problems and may result in knee pain.

Some of the common knee problems and treatments include:

Ligament injuries: Athletic activities mostly cause discomforts and instability to the ligaments. Various kinds of injuries that affect the knee ligaments include:

  •  Posterior Cruciate Ligament injuries
  • Lateral collateral ligament injuries
  • Anterior cruciate ligament injuries
  • Medical collateral ligament tears

Cartilage tears or injuries:These are some of the most common issues that cause knee pain in both young and older people. It can be:

  •  Articular cartilage injuries
  • Medial and lateral meniscus tears

Kneecap dislocation and pain: It can cause acute and chronic knee pain:

  • Bursitis
  • Fractured knee cap
  • Knee cap dislocation
  • Chondromalacia Patella

Adolescent injuries: Genetic malformations seen in young adults are one of the common causes of knee pain. Athletic injuries in young adults may cause knee trauma:

  •  Osteochondritis dissections
  • Osgood-Schlatter Disease

Treatment options for knee conditions:

Treatment option may vary according to the condition, severity and age of the patient. A good orthopedician will be able to suggest the right treatment option. There are certain conditions which may resolve with rest, stretches and drug therapy. Other treatment options include:

  • Corticosteroid or steroid injections
  • Cartilage restoration
  • Knee revision
  • Knee replacement surgery
  • Knee implants
  • Partial knee replacement
  • Minimally invasive surgery or knee arthroscopy

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