Gouty Arthritis or Gout

What is gout?

In simple terms, gout is a severe form of arthritis which may affect any person. The condition is characterized by tenderness and redness in joints, severe and sudden attacks of pain etc. Gout attacks are usually sudden and annoying. It may even occur at the middle of the night during sleep. The affected joint will become tender and swollen. Gout can be treated successfully with proper medical care and can reduce the risk for recurrence.

What are the symptoms of gout?

The signs and symptoms occur suddenly and without warning. Signs and symptoms of gout may include:

  • Intense pain in the joint

  • Deep-rooted and continuous discomfort

  • Redness

  • Inflammation

  • Limited range of motion

Patient with these symptoms should seek immediate medical care. Untreated gout can damage the joint and lead to severe pain.

What is gout

What are the causes of gout?

Accumulation of urate crystals in the joint is the main cause for gout. Urate crystals accumulation causes inflammation and intense pain. High levels of uric acid in the blood is the main reason for urate crystal accumulation.

How is gout diagnosed?

Various tests are done to diagnose the condition. Some of them include:

  • X-ray

  • Blood test

  • Dual energy CT scan

  • Ultrasound

  • Joint fluid test

How the condition is treated?

Medication is the main mode of treatment for gout. The doctor will decide on what medication should be prescribed based on the health condition of the patient. Medications can be aimed at various goals. Some are to treat acute gout attacks, and some to reduce the risks and complications of the condition. Some medications are used to prevent the recurrence of gout.

Medications to treat gout attacks include:

  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs

  • Corticosteroids

  • Colchicine

Medications to prevent gout complications and risks include:

  • Medicines that block uric acid production

  • Medicine to improve the uric acid removal.

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